When the Court of Oyer and Terminer convened at the end of May, the total number of people in custody was Start your free trial today. It heard charges against a servant girl, Mary Watkins, for falsely accusing her mistress of witchcraft.
In both cases, it was easy for even the most minor physical imperfections to be labeled as the work of the devil himself. Grand juries were held for many of those remaining in jail. And this did somewhat appease the People, and the Executions went on; when he [Mr.
The next step, at the superior court level, was to summon witnesses before a grand jury. Unfortunately the work did not get released until after the trials had already ended. As in complaints upon witchcrafts, there may be matters of inquiry which do not amount unto matters of presumption, and there may be matters of presumption which yet may not be matters of conviction, so it is necessary, that all proceedings thereabout be managed with an exceeding tenderness towards those that may be complained of, especially if they have been persons formerly of an unblemished reputation.
Evidence of Witchcraft When it came to proving allegations of witchcraft, several types of evidence were considered during the trials. Since the jurist Sir Matthew Hale had permitted this evidence, supported by the eminent philosopher, physician and author Thomas Browneto be used in the Bury St Edmunds witch trial and the accusations against two Lowestoft women, the colonial magistrates also accepted its validity and their trials proceeded.
From there, these trials played out like many witch trials. Legal procedures Overview After someone concluded that a loss, illness or death had been caused by witchcraft, the accuser entered a complaint against the alleged witch with the local magistrates.
This test was based on the notion that possessed people found relief by scratching the person responsible with their fingernails until they drew blood. She admits that the argument is largely circumstantial, but she believes that the evidence better supports her case than any other.
This led to further worry and upheaval among the citizenry who had viewed their adherence to religious tenants as protection against evil. In addition to official court records there are also several books written by the ministers and other people involved in the trials: Fraud-theorists posit that the young girls did not realize the full consequences of their accusations, and that they were either seeking attention or attempting to escape punishment.
It was not until May 27, when William Phips ordered the establishment of a Special Court charged with prosecution of the cases that further legal activity took place.
These trials remain a reminder of what can happen when religious extremism and false accusations run wild. In the end, ten people were executed for witchcraft, and this began a larger trend of witch hunts across England.
Residents were expected to adhere to the teachings of the church, such as attending lengthy sermons twice per week and avoiding activities deemed sinful, such as dancing, non-religious music, and celebrations of events or holidays rooted in Paganism, including traditionally religious holidays such as Christmas and Easter.
To escape punishment, the girls pretended to be possessed and accused others, including Tituba, of witchcraft. Since some families of the victims did not want their family member listed, not every victim was named. Membership and participation in church did not offer protection against accusations of witchcraft.
Elizabeth Proctor was given a temporary stay of execution because she was pregnant. The accusers said the black Man [Devil] stood and dictated to him. To ensure the reaction was genuine, judges had the children blindfolded and touched by other members of the court.
The proclamation suggested that there should be: According to Upham, Saltonstall deserves the credit for "being the only public man of his day who had the sense or courage to condemn the proceedings, at the start.
On December 17,Governor Stoughton issued a proclamation in hopes of making amends with God.
Hutchinson sums the letter, "The two first and the last sections of this advice took away the force of all the others, and the prosecutions went on with more vigor than before. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
Between January and May ofmany were found innocent and released or had charges dropped. She was accused of witchcraft for not living the Puritan lifestyle and wearing appropriate clothing.
When witchcraft trials were held, they rarely resulted in convictions, much less capital punishment for the accused. A non-reaction signaled innocence, but if the victim came out of their fit, it was seen as proof that the suspect had placed them under a spell.
Bishop was found guilty and executed by hanging on June 10, After a local doctor, William Griggs, diagnosed bewitchment, other young girls in the community began to exhibit similar symptoms, including Ann Putnam Jr.
Many of the neighboring towns viewed Salem Village as problematic as evidenced by decisions such as hiring independent ministers to serve the village instead of supporting the larger Salem Town.They disallowed spectral evidence. Most accusations of witchcraft then resulted in acquittals.
An essay by Increase Mather, a prominent minister, may have helped stop the witch trials craze in Salem. Researching the Salem Witch Trials is easier than it used to be.
Most of the primary source materials (statutes, transcripts of court records. Nov 07, · The infamous Salem witch trials began during the spring ofafter a group of young girls in Salem Village, Massachusetts, claimed to be possessed by the devil and accused several local women of witchcraft.
While these events are referred to as the Salem witch trials, several counties in Massachusetts were involved, including Salem Village, Ipswich, Salem Town and Andover. While these were not the first examples of executions for witchcraft in New England, the volume of accusations and convictions generated one of the most.
Unlike most editing & proofreading services, we edit for everything: grammar, spelling, punctuation, idea flow, sentence structure, & more. Get started now! It looks like you've lost connection to our server. Most of salems witch trials are based on false evidence in the salem witch trials, most of the accusations had no proof to back them up the salem witch trials are similar to mccarthyism based.
The Salem witch trials were a series of hearings and prosecutions of people accused of witchcraft in colonial Massachusetts between February and May More than people were accused, nineteen of which were found guilty and executed by hanging (fourteen women and five men).Download