The Taliban, for its part, backed Sunni Islamist militants who were launching attacks against the Iranian regime. The Afghan government does not have the capacity to deal with such a sudden influx of refugees, and this has proven to be an embarrassment for both Kabul and the US-led coalition.
Over sixty percent of Afghans are under the age of Refugees In the aftermath of the Soviet invasion and the subsequent civil war, Iran became home to more than three million Afghan refugees.
He owns the gigantic Hawza-Elmia-Khatim-Ul-Nabien, a hybrid of a madrassa and a modern university which is a 13 million dollar investment in over a hectare of land at the center of Kabul.
Iran mixes alignment with the needs of the Afghan people with reminding the international community—precisely the U. He also claims that his institution has no factional—Shia—bias it enrolls both Shias and Sunnis.
Iran participated in the formation of the post-Taliban government in the Bonn Conference in December and contributed to reconstruction efforts, with the aim of establishing friendly ties with Kabul. Thus, some analysts argue that Iran favors the maintenance of a low level insurgency as long as US troops remain in Afghanistan.
InTaliban forces captured Mazar-e Sharif in northern Afghanistan from Dostum and massacred thousands of Hazara civilians, in addition to nine Iranians with diplomatic credentials. Such a low intensity conflict would tie down the US military and alleviate US and international pressure on Tehran over its nuclear program and other controversies.
Sheikh Mohseni denies any political or financial links with Iran. Thus, Tehran supported the formation of an anti-Taliban coalition composed of mostly Tajik, Uzbek, and Hazara factions—including Hezb-e Wahdat.
Demographics Iran and Afghanistan share several religious, linguistic, and ethnic groups that create cultural overlaps between the two countries. Borders Iran and Afghanistan share a mile km border along a plain in western Afghanistan.
Iran itself has a significant drug problem, with at least three million opiate abusers in the country and the highest rate of opiate abuse in the world—about 2. The Iranian authorities routinely make the largest seizures of opiates out of any country in the world.
The Baluch are another ethnic group that lives in Pakistan, Afghanistan and Iran.
However, Iran realizes that it can never effectively deal with drug abuse among its own citizens unless something is done about opium production in neighboring Afghanistan. Both Afghanistan and Iran have a remarkably young population.
Wary of a Sunni-fundamentalist Pashtun state on its eastern border, Iran viewed the rise of the Taliban in and their seizure of Kabul in as a serious security, ideological, and economic threat. While the Iranian leaders welcomed the fall of the Taliban, they also saw the presence of American troops in neighboring Afghanistan as a national security threat.
But when a US-led coalition invaded Afghanistan in to overthrow the Taliban, Iran was not disappointed. These allegations have intensified over recent years, as several large weapons shipments have been seized near the Iranian border.
The Iranian-Afghan border crosses through several deserts and marshlands.
However, Tehran has repeatedly used the refugee issue in order to apply pressure to the government in Kabul and its American and European backers. Since the fall of the Taliban inIran has continued to host two million Afghan refugees, although one million of these refugees are said to be unregistered and therefore have no legal permit to reside in Iran.
It has sought greater influence over the government in Kabul, and remains wary of the U. The majority of these refugees came from the Tajik and Hazara communities, but other ethnic groups were also represented among the refugee population.
Ultimately, a military confrontation between Iran and the Taliban was averted. He claims the funds for his projects are from the leftovers of donations and international money his group—Harakat-e-Eslami—received during the anti-Soviet Wars.
The Baluch constitute two percent of the Iranian population or roughly 1. The Afghan National Army th Corps commander, Rahmatullah Safi, has said there is substantial intelligence showing weapons flowing into Afghanistan from Iran. Iran also has a Sunni Muslim minority, which accounts for nine percent of the population or 5.
Fifty-eight percent of Iranians or Top The U.The U.S. invasion of Afghanistan ushered in a fresh chapter in relations between Iran and Afghanistan. Iran participated in the formation of the post-Taliban government in the Bonn Conference in December and contributed to reconstruction efforts, with the aim of.
TM5 IDLIST Class Accordions Address books Addressing machines Adhesive tape dispensing machines Air compressors Alarm clocks Ale Almond paste Altimeters.Download